论文中常见的英语表达

标签:#英语##论文# 时间:2017/12/04 16:28:46 作者:小木

[TOC]

一、图/表/数学

占有较高的比例 : occupy high proprotion
——The media occupy a high proportion of our leisure time.

某个图说明了XX:
——Table 2 gives/depicts/demonstrates/shows/presents

从图中得出XX:
——From the graph it is clear/apparent
——It can be seen from the graph/figure/table
——As is shown/illustrated
——As can been seen from the graph

表示数量:
a large number of 可数名词
a huge amount of 不可数名词
a large quantity of 可数名词/不可数名词,比前两者正式

a lot of
loads of

a few number of
a small number of

a limited number/amount of

a few
a little
seldom

the number is small/low
the number is less than another
−9 is lower than −8

各种
a variety of

二、顺序

前者/后者:the former/latter (one)
——If offered tea or coffee, I’d choose the former.

三、相关工作及现有问题的一些表述

1. How to say someone present what a method to solve what problems

方法/模型等相关的描述词语:framework/method/model/approach/study

A large body of evidence suggests that
be riddled with individual judgments are riddled with biases
A natural remedy is to seek experts in the relevant domain
be attributed to - The first demonstration of WOC is attributed to Francis Galton
researchers have proposed weighting models that favor better, wiser, judges in the crowd

combined A and B to develop a, including
blend all characteristics of sth into a single unified model

identify X patterns from
use X method to reveal
present a method/approach/model
propose a method/approach to determine/build X relationships between As
perform X analysis
provide a model to characterize user activities
develop a framework/approach
conduct a survey/experiment
analyze effects of …
utilize … to do sth.
point out that
build a model
conduct a famous experiment indicating that …
predict sth. with …

sb. leverages sth. to alleviate some problems
define sth. to solve some problems

sb. propose some methods to define/determine/find/quantity/build sth. to do sth.

sb. propose some methods that use sth. to do sth.

sb. propose a generative model, in which sth. is done by sth.

sb. adopts a mechanism that not only do sth. but also do sth.

employ XX to do XX
use X to study Y
analyze behaviors
attempt to study ….

sb. combines … and … to automatically recognize …

2. How to demonstrate existing problems/issues

An important issue in some area is to determine/find/analyze

The concept of sth has been the subject of analysis for over xx years
This work was first conducted by someone in some year. Recently, sb. have beeen working on this topic in some area.

四、描述某个概念

refer to : 指的是
assert : 主张、声称、断言
contend : 主张
be conceptualized at : 在XX上进行概念化:Social roles can be conceptualized at several different levels of abstraction

五、语法问题

名词作定语用单数(少数情况除外):stone bridge/personality trait prediction/role analysis

六、格式问题

6.1、引用格式
这里是以APA格式为例。
行内引用方法如下:

  1. According to Jones (1998), “Students …”
  2. Jones (1998) found “students …”
  3. She stated, “Students …” (Jones, 198, p. 199), but she did not offer an explanation as to why.

6.2、注意,引用开始的小括号和前面的单词之间有一个空格,一般引用都是放在一句户的末尾,紧接人名后面的应用只要标注出年份就好了。

  1. According to Jones (1998), “Students …”
  2. Students … (Jones et al. 1998).

七、其他表达
除了XX,还有: Except for/In addition to